Following are some of the common SharePoint Server installation issues and solutions
Issue 1: an exception of type System.IO.FileNotFoundException was thrown. additional exception information: could not load file or assembly Microsoft.IdentityModel version=22.214.171.124
This issue will raise because Windows Identify Pack wasn’t installed. Install Windows Identify pack and run again.
Be sure to install 6.0 for Vista and 6.1 for Windows 7.
Issue 2: Failed to create the configuration database. An exception of type System.Security.Cryptography.CryptographicException was thrown. Additional exception information: The data is invalid.
To resolve this issue, follow the steps
Modify the ACL(Access Control Lists) on the 14 directory under %commonprogramfiles\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions.
Right-click on the folder %commonprogramfiles%\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14, and then select the Security tab.
On the 14 Properties dialog under the Security tab, select Edit.
Permissions for 14 dialog click Add